HTML Tutorial

Chapter: 18

HTMLBlock

HTML Block and Inline Elements

Block-level Elements

A block-level element always starts on a new line and takes up the full width available (stretches out to the left and right as far as it can).
The <div> element is a block-level element.
Examples of block-level elements:
  • <div>
  • <h1> - <h6>
  • <p>
  • <form>

Inline Elements

An inline element does not start on a new line and only takes up as much width as necessary.
This is an inline <span> element inside a paragraph.
Examples of inline elements:
  • <span>
  • <a>
  • <img>

The <div> Element

The <div> element is often used as a container for other HTML elements.
The <div> element has no required attributes, but both style and class are common.
When used together with CSS, the <div> element can be used to style blocks of content:

Example

<div style="background-color:black;color:white;padding:20px;">
     <h2>London</h2>
     <p>London is the capital city of England. It is the most populous city in the United Kingdom, with a metropolitan area of over 13 million inhabitants.</p>
</div>

The <span> Element

The <span> element is often used as a container for some text.
The <span> element has no required attributes, but both style and class are common.
When used together with CSS, the <span> element can be used to style parts of the text:

Example

<h1>My <span style="color:red">Important</span> Heading</h1>
Tag Description
<div> Defines a section in a document (block-level)
<span> Defines a section in a document (inline)